Incorporating Eye Tracking Technology and Conjoint Analysis to Better Understand the Green Industry. Consumer Academic Article uri icon


  • Plants are often merchandised with minimal packaging; thus, consumers have only the plant (intrinsic cue) or information signs (extrinsic cues) on which to assess the product and base their purchase decision. Our objective was to segment consumers based on their preferences for certain plant display attributes and compare their gaze behavior when viewing plant displays. Using conjoint analysis, we identified three distinct consumer segments: plant-oriented (73%), production method-oriented (11%), and price-oriented (16%) consumers. Using eye tracking technology, we show that subjects spent more visual attention to cues in the horticultural retail displays that were relatively more important to them. For example, plant-oriented consumers were the fastest segment to fixate on the plants and looked at the plants for longer amounts of time compared with the other segments. Production method-oriented consumers looked at the labeling related to production method for a longer duration, whereas the price-oriented consumer looked at the price sign the longest. Findings suggest that retailers should carefully consider the type of information included on retail signage and the visual impact it has on different consumers.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Behe, B. K., Campbell, B. L., Khachatryan, H., Hall, C. R., Dennis, J. H., Huddleston, P. T., & Fernandez, R. T.

citation count

  • 38

complete list of authors

  • Behe, Bridget K||Campbell, Benjamin L||Khachatryan, Hayk||Hall, Charles R||Dennis, Jennifer H||Huddleston, Patricia T||Fernandez, R Thomas

publication date

  • December 2014