On the approximation of isochoric motions of fluids under different flow conditions
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© 2015 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved. There has been considerable interest, ever since the development of the approximation by Oberbeck and Boussinesq concerning fluids that are mechanically incompressible but thermally compressible, in giving a rigorous justification for the same. For such fluids, it would be natural to assume that the determinant of the deformation gradient (which is a measure of the volume change of the body) depends on the temperature. However, such an assumption has the attendant drawbacks of the specific heat of the fluid at constant volume being zero and the speed of sound in the fluid being complex. In this paper, we consider a generalization of the Oberbeck-Boussinesq approximation, wherein the volume change depends both on the temperature and on the pressure that the fluid is subject to. We show that within the context of this generalization, the specific heat at constant volume can be definedmeaningfully, and it is not zero.
author list (cited authors)
Rajagopal, K. R., Saccomandi, G., & Vergori, L.