Numerical and approximate analytical solutions for cylindrical and spherical annuli for a new class of elastic materials
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© 2016, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Many materials that have been developed recently such as titanium alloys and polymeric composites exhibit nonlinear elasticity in the “small” strain regime, and the linearized theory cannot be used to describe the response. Recently, Rajagopal (Appl Math 48(4):279–319, 2003) introduced a new implicit constitutive theory which can be used to develop models to characterize the response of these newly fashioned materials. Here, we study the response of these new classes of elastic bodies within the context of two boundary value problems: the pressurization of a cylindrical annulus and a spherical shell. In the case of the cylindrical annulus, a stress function is introduced that automatically satisfies the equilibrium equation, and the compatibility equation for strain and the nonlinear constitutive equation is used to obtain the nonlinear compatibility equation in terms of the stress function. For the spherical shell, a displacement formulation is used to arrive at a nonlinear equation for the radial stress. The governing equations in both cases cannot be solved exactly, and we use an approximate technique, the variational iteration technique, to solve the problem. We show that this approximate solution agrees very well with the numerical solution of the governing equations, and the solution is different from that obtained in the classical linearized elasticity. In the case of spherical annulus with an internal pressure of 250 MPa, the hoop stress associated with the linearized solution overpredicts the numerical solution by about 10% at the inner radius and underpredicts by about 7% at the outer radius.
author list (cited authors)
Sandeep, R. K., Kannan, K., & Rajagopal, K. R.