Materials synthesis, electrochemical characterization and oxygen permeation properties of Fe-doped BaZrO3 Academic Article uri icon


  • 2014 Elsevier B.V. This paper reports the synthesis, materials characterization, electrochemical and transport properties under O2-environments of an iron-doped barium zirconate perovskite (Ba0.90Fe0.10Zr0.90O3 - or BZF10), a mixed ionic-electronic conductor (MIEC). BZF10 powder was synthesized by solid-state reaction of the binary oxides and characterized using synchrotron X-ray diffraction (XRD). Analysis of the XRD patterns indicated the presence in the powder of a primary cubic perovskite phase with a lattice parameter 4.19 . The actual composition of the powder was measured using proton induced X-ray emission (PIXE). The powder was pressed and sintered into pellets and the fracture cross-section was then investigated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). TEM analysis indicates a polycrystalline structure and the electron-diffraction pattern confirms the XRD results. The pellets, with attached electrodes, were investigated for electrochemical activity under dry oxidizing atmosphere using a combination of electrical conductivity relaxation (ECR) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) in the range of 600-800 C and oxygen permeability between 600-900C. ECR indicates that both the chemical diffusion coefficient DV and the surface kinetic parameter k increase with increasing pO2. EIS suggests a primarily p-type semiconduction behavior explaining the dependence of electrical conductivity upon oxygen partial pressure. Separate gas permeation measurements confirm an oxygen permeability of 4.11 10- 11 mol/(msPa). BZF10 materials showed superior stability during the whole study (> 1000 h on stream).

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Zhang, H., Suresh, A., Carter, C. B., & Wilhite, B. A.

citation count

  • 16

complete list of authors

  • Zhang, Haomiao||Suresh, Aravind||Carter, CB||Wilhite, BA

publication date

  • January 2014