Change and stability in park visitation constraints revisited Academic Article uri icon


  • Despite considerable advances in our understanding of constraint composition, antecedent conditions, outcomes, and negotiation behaviors, few studies have tracked how constraints have changed or remained stable over time. This investigation sought to examine the change and stability in park visitation constraints and preferred constraint negotiation strategies across a 10-year period. A 2001 telephone survey of residents from Northeast Ohio was compared with an identical survey administered in 1991. Data from the two surveys were weighted and compared. Perceived constraints and desired constraint negotiation strategies remained relatively stable across time. Relationships between these trends and park agency efforts over the 10-year period are discussed. Future constraint trend analyses should utilize longitudinal designs to examine park visitation constraints, particularly among underserved populations. Copyright Taylor & Francis Inc.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Mowen, A. J., Payne, L. L., & Scott, D.

citation count

  • 64

complete list of authors

  • Mowen, AJ||Payne, LL||Scott, D

publication date

  • January 2005