Excitation energies and temperatures of hot nuclei produced in the reactions of Cu-63+Au-197 at 35A MeV
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Observations of heavy remnants emitted at forward angles with high velocities and high associated particle multiplicities have been used to select central collisions of [Formula Presented] MeV [Formula Presented]Cu with [Formula Presented]Au. The data indicate that these remnants, both fission fragments and evaporation residuelike products, result from the deexcitation of nuclei with [Formula Presented]240 having excitation energies of [Formula Presented] 8001300 MeV. Similar particle multiplicities are observed for both evaporative and fission decay channels. Modeling the results with hybrid codes which treat entrance channel dynamics followed by sequential statistical decay requires the inclusion of some delay in the fission channel to produce heavy remnants with mass [Formula Presented], but the trend of the predicted velocities of these heavy remnants is different from that of the experiments. Calculations with a dynamic model based on the molecular dynamics approach have also been performed and lead to similar results. He and Li isotope yield ratios and the apparent temperatures derived from those ratios are similar to those previously reported for excited nuclei in this mass region. Temperatures derived from other yield ratios are also similar once a self-consistent treatment, taking into account population and decay of known excited states, is applied. The derived temperatures show little variation with excitation energy, suggesting that a limiting temperature may be reached at relatively low excitation energy, although the interpretation of this result and the determination of the actual initial value of this temperature is model dependent. Comments on the application of the double isotope yield ratio technique to extraction of the nuclear caloric curve are made. 1997 The American Physical Society.
author list (cited authors)
Wada, R., Tezkratt, R., Hagel, K., Haddad, F., Kolomiets, A., Lou, Y., ... Sosin, Z.
complete list of authors
Wada, R||Tezkratt, R||Hagel, K||Haddad, F||Kolomiets, A||Lou, Y||Li, J||Shimooka, M||Shlomo, S||Utley, D||Xiao, B||Mdeiwayeh, N||Natowitz, JB||Majka, Z||Cibor, J||Kozik, T||Sosin, Z