T-duality and U-duality in toroidally compactified strings
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We address the issue of T-duality and U-duality symmetries in the toroidally compactified type IIA string. It is customary to take as a starting point the dimensionally reduced maximal supergravity theories, with certain field strengths dualised such that the classical theory exhibits a global En(n) symmetry, where n = 11 - D in D dimensions. A discrete subgroup then becomes the conjectured U-duality group. In dimensions D 6, these necessary dualisations include NS-NS fields, whose potentials, rather than merely their field strengths, appear explicitly in the couplings to the string world-sheet. Thus the usually stated U-duality symmetries act non-locally on the fundamental fields of perturbative string theory. At least at the perturbative level, it seems to be more appropriate to consider the symmetries of the versions of the lower-dimensional supergravities in which no dualisations of NS-NS fields are required, although dualisations of the R-R fields are permissible since these couple to the string through their field strengths. Taking this viewpoint, the usual T-duality groups survive unscathed, as one would hope since T-duality is a perturbative symmetry, but the U-duality groups are modified in D 6. 1998 Published by Elsevier Science B.V.