Opening the Black Box: The Influence of Perceived Diversity and a Common In-Group Identity in Diverse Groups Academic Article uri icon


  • Previous research on diversity has been criticized for failing to include intervening and process variables. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the influence of two intervening variables, perceived group diversity and a common in-group identity, on the relationship between group diversity and group outcomes. Data were collected from 45 track-and-field coaching staffs (N= 175 participants). Hierarchical-regression analysis revealed that actual diversity was positively related to perceptions of such differences, and, in turn, perceptions of diversity were related to a common in-group identity. Finally, a common in-group identity was negatively related to organizational turnover intentions of the group and positively related to two measures of group effectiveness. Theoretical contributions and implications for diverse groups are discussed.

published proceedings

  • Journal of Sport Management

author list (cited authors)

  • Cunningham, G. B.

citation count

  • 18

complete list of authors

  • Cunningham, George B

publication date

  • January 2007