Identification and characterization of RAPD and SCAR markers linked to anthracnose resistance gene in sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench]
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Anthracnose, one of the destructive foliar diseases of sorghum growing in warm humid regions, is incited by the fungus Colletotrichum graminicola.The inheritance of anthracnose resistance was studied using the parental cultivars of Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench, HC 136 (susceptible to anthracnose) and G 73 (anthracnose resistant). The F1 and F2 plants were inoculated with the local isolates of C. graminicola cultures. The F2 plants showed a segregation ratio of 3 (susceptible): 1(resistant) indicating that the locus for resistance to anthracnose in sorghum accession G 73 segregates as a recessive trait in a cross to susceptible cultivar HC 136. RAPD (random amplified polymorphic DNA) marker OPJ 011437 was identified as marker closely linked to anthracnose resistance gene in sorghum by bulked segregant analysis of HC 136 × G73 derived recombinant inbred lines (RILs) of sorghum. A total of 84 random decamer primers were used to screen polymorphism among the parental genotypes. Among these, only 24 primers were polymorphic. On bulked segregant analysis, primer OPJ 01 amplified a 1437 bp fragment only in resistant parent G 73 and resistant bulk. The marker OPJ 011437 was cloned and sequenced. The sequence of RAPD marker OPJ 011437 was used to generate specific markers called sequence characterized amplified regions (SCARs). A pair of SCAR markers SCJ 01-1 and SCJ 01-2 was developed using Mac Vector program. SCAR amplification of resistant and susceptible parents along with their respective bulks and RILs confirmed that SCAR marker SCJ 01 is at the same loci as that of RAPD marker OPJ 01 1437 and hence, is linked to anthracnose resistance gene. Resistant parent G 73 and resistant bulk amplified single specific band on PCR amplification using SCAR primer pairs. The RAPD marker OPJ 011437 was mapped at a distance of 3.26 cM apart from the locus governing anthracnose resistance on the sorghum genetic map by the segregation analysis of the RILs. Using BLAST program, it was found that the marker showed 100 per cent alignment with the contig_3966 located on the longer arm of chromosome 8 of sorghum genome. Therefore, these identified RAPD and SCAR markers can be used in the resistance-breeding program of sorghum anthracnose by marker-assisted selection. © Springer 2006.
author list (cited authors)
Singh, M., Chaudhary, K., Singal, H. R., Magill, C. W., & Boora, K. S.