Predicting daily pan evaporation by soft computing models with limited climatic data Academic Article uri icon


  • © 2015 IAHS. Abstract: Accurate prediction of daily pan evaporation (PE) is important for monitoring, surveying, and management of water resources as well as reservoir management and evaluation of drinking water supply systems. This study develops and applies soft computing models to predict daily PE in a dry climate region of south-western Iran. Three soft computing models, namely the multilayer perceptron-neural networks model (MLP-NNM), Kohonen self-organizing feature maps-neural networks model (KSOFM-NNM), and gene expression programming (GEP), were considered. Daily PE was predicted at two stations using temperature-based, radiation-based, and sunshine duration-based input combinations. The results obtained by the temperature-based 3 (TEM3) model produced the best results for both stations. The Mann-Whitney U test was employed to compute the rank of different input combination for hypothesis testing. Comparison between the soft computing models and multiple linear regression model (MLRM) demonstrated the superiority of MLP-NNM, KSOFM-NNM, and GEP over MLRM. It was concluded that the soft computing models can be successfully employed for predicting daily PE in south western Iran. Editor D. Koutsoyiannis

author list (cited authors)

  • Kim, S., Shiri, J., Singh, V. P., Kisi, O., & Landeras, G.

citation count

  • 31

publication date

  • June 2015