Towards Next Generation Lithium-Sulfur Batteries: Non-Conventional Carbon Compartments/Sulfur Electrodes and Multi-Scale Analysis Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The Author(s) 2016. In this work, a novel heterofunctional, bimodally-porous carbon morphology, termed the carbon compartment (CC), is utilized as a sulfur host within a lithium-sulfur battery cathode. A multi-scale model explores the physics and chemistry of the lithium-sulfur battery cathode. The CCs are synthesized through a rapid, low cost process to improve electrode-electrolyte interfacial contact and accommodate volumetric expansion associated with sulfide formation. The CCs demonstrate controllable sulfur loading and ca. 700 mAh g 1 (at 47%-wt S) reversible capacity with high coulombic efficiency due to their unique structures. Density functional theory and ab initio molecular dynamics characterize the interface between the C/S composite and electrolyte during the sulfur reduction mechanism. Stochastic realizations of 3D electrode microstructures are reconstructed based on representative SEM micrographs to study the influence of solid sulfur loading and lithium sulfide precipitation on microstructural and electrochemical properties. A macroscale electrochemical performance model is developed to analyze the performance of lithium-sulfur batteries. The combined multi-scale simulation studies explain key fundamentals of sulfur reduction and its relation to the polysulfide shuttle mechanism: how the process is affected due to the presence of carbon substrate, thermodynamics of lithium sulfide formation and deposition on carbon, and microstructural effects on the overall cell performance.

published proceedings

  • JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY

author list (cited authors)

  • Dysart, A. D., Burgos, J. C., Mistry, A., Chen, C., Liu, Z., Hong, C. N., ... Pol, V. G.

complete list of authors

  • Dysart, Arthur D||Burgos, Juan C||Mistry, Aashutosh||Chen, Chien-Fan||Liu, Zhixiao||Hong, Chulgi Nathan||Balbuena, Perla B||Mukherjee, Partha P||Pol, Vilas G

publication date

  • January 1, 2016 11:11 AM