Modulation of growth hormone (GH) secretion and GH mRNA levels by GH-releasing factor, somatostatin and secretagogues in cultured bovine adenohypophysial cells. Academic Article uri icon


  • The effects of endogenous hypothalamic neurohormones and activators of second messenger signalling systems on the secretion of GH and on cell content of GH mRNA of cultured bovine adenohypophysial cells were studied. Synthetic bovine GH-releasing factor (bGRF; 100 nmol/l) increased secretion of GH by bovine adenohypophysial cells five-fold relative to control. Forskolin (an adenyl cyclase activator; 10 mumol/l) and the synthetic cyclic AMP analogue dibutyryl cyclic AMP (dbcAMP; 1 mmol/l) increased secretion of GH by 1.9- and 1.7-fold respectively, relative to control. The protein kinase C activator phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), provided at 1 mumol/l or 10 nmol/l, increased GH secretion by 6.6- and four-fold respectively, relative to control. Somatostatin-14 (SRIF-14) attenuated basal, bGRF-, forskolin- and dbcAMP-stimulated secretion of GH by 40, 49, 47 and 67% respectively, but did not, however, diminish PMA-stimulated GH secretion. The content of GH mRNA in cultured bovine adenohypophysial cells increased 2.2-, 1.7- and 3.2-fold by administration of bGRF, forskolin and PMA respectively, relative to control. Although GH mRNA content was unchanged by SRIF-14 treatment relative to control, SRIF-14 did reduce bGRF-stimulated bGH mRNA content by 67%. This study demonstrates that mechanisms subserving GH secretion in bovine adenohypophysial cells (e.g. adenyl cyclase and protein kinase C) may be coupled with mechanisms which regulate expression of the GH gene or with factors affecting message stability.

published proceedings

  • J Endocrinol

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Tanner, J. W., Davis, S. K., McArthur, N. H., French, J. T., & Welsh, T. H.

citation count

  • 27

complete list of authors

  • Tanner, JW||Davis, SK||McArthur, NH||French, JT||Welsh, TH

publication date

  • April 1990