Validation of a new formula for predicting the lower flammability limit of hybrid mixtures Academic Article uri icon


  • 2015 Elsevier Ltd. A correlation of the lower flammability limit for hybrid mixtures was recently proposed by us. The experimental conditions including ignition energy and turbulence which play a primary role in a gas or dust explosion were at fixed values. The sensitivity of such experimental conditions to the accuracy of the proposed formula was not thoroughly discussed in the previous work. Therefore, this work studied the effect of varying the ignition energy and turbulence intensity to the formula proposed in our previous paper. For ignition energy effect, results from methane/niacin mixture demonstrated that the MEC and LFL will not be affected by changing ignition energy. There is no distinguishable difference among gas explosion index (KG) and dust explosion index (KSt) derived from tests with every ignition energy (2.5kJ, 5kJ and 10kJ) in a 36L vessel. The proposed formula is independent of ignition energy. For turbulence effect, the proposed formula can have a good prediction of the explosion and non-explosion zone if the ignition delay time is within a certain range. The formula prediction is good as the ignition delay time increases up to 100ms in this work. Propane/niacin and propane/cornstarch mixtures are also tested to validate the proposed formula. It has been confirmed that the proposed formula predicts the explosion and non-explosion zone boundary of such mixtures.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Jiang, J., Liu, Y. i., Mashuga, C. V., & Mannan, M. S.

citation count

  • 20

complete list of authors

  • Jiang, Jiaojun||Liu, Yi||Mashuga, Chad V||Mannan, M Sam

publication date

  • January 2015