The effect of particle size polydispersity on the explosibility characteristics of aluminum dust Academic Article uri icon


  • This paper reports experimental results elucidating the effect of particle size polydispersity (D) on the explosion severity of aluminum dust. Five mixtures with a median diameter (D50) of 15. m and D values of 0.95, 1.17, 1.48, 1.87, and 2.51, were systematically prepared by mixing original aluminum samples having narrow size distributions. The explosion severity of each sample was determined in a 36. L dust explosion vessel by measuring the maximum pressure (Pmax), the maximum rate of pressure rise ((dP/dt)max), and the deflagration index (KSt). Interestingly, we found that values of Pmax and KSt revealed an increase in explosion severity as D increases, where the latter presented a more dramatic effect due to the contribution of fine particles on the combustion kinetics. The effect of dust concentration on the explosion propagation was analyzed comparing the time span to reach (dP/dt)max, (), during a dust explosion. was obtained from the experimental pressure traces of the original samples and their mixtures. The values of Pmax and KSt were plotted as a function of the median diameter (D50) and the volume- (D4,3) and surface- (D3,2) weighted mean diameter. We observed that D3,2 provided a better description of the average sample size and D50 is inadequately related to the real hazard potential of aluminum dust. Therefore, we suggest that the explosion hazard characterization of these types of materials should be reported in terms of D3,2 and D. 2013 Elsevier B.V.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Castellanos, D., Carreto-Vazquez, V. H., Mashuga, C. V., Trottier, R., Mejia, A. F., & Mannan, M. S.

citation count

  • 102

complete list of authors

  • Castellanos, Diana||Carreto-Vazquez, Victor H||Mashuga, Chad V||Trottier, Remi||Mejia, Andres F||Mannan, M Sam

publication date

  • January 2014