Soil suction measurements by filter paper Academic Article uri icon


  • This paper reports on an evaluation of wetting and drying filter paper suction calibration and soil total and matric suction measurement techniques of filter paper method. Calibration of the method was investigated by constructing two calibration curves; one by using the process of wetting the filter papers through vapor flow and the other by using the method of drying the filter papers through fluid flow. The wetting curve was constructed using sodium chloride (NaCl) salt solutions and Schleicher & Schuell No. 589-WH filter papers. It was found that the change in the wetting suction curve is very sensitive to minor changes in filter paper water content below about 1.5 log kPa (2.5 pF) suction. The drying curve was established by employing both pressure plate and pressure membrane devices and the same filter papers. In developing the filter paper calibration curves, the capabilities, pitfalls, and limitations of the method are also discussed.

published proceedings

  • Geotechnical Special Publication

author list (cited authors)

  • Bulut, R., Lytton, R. L., & Wray, W. K.

complete list of authors

  • Bulut, R||Lytton, RL||Wray, WK

publication date

  • December 2001