Viscoelasticplastic-Fracture Modeling of Asphalt Mixtures Under Monotonic and Repeated Loads Academic Article uri icon


  • Rutting and cracking occur simultaneously in asphalt mixtures as observed in the field and in the laboratory. Existing mechanical models have not properly addressed viscoelastic and viscoplastic deformation together with cracking attributable to model deficiencies, parameter calibration, and numerical inefficiency. This study developed viscoelasticplasticfracture (VEPF) models for the characterization of viscoelasticity by Prony model and viscoplasticity by Perzynas flow rule with a generalized DruckerPrager yield surface and a nonassociated plastic potential. Viscofracture damage was modeled by a viscoelastic Griffith criterion and a pseudo J-integral Pariss law for crack initiation and propagation, respectively. The VEPF models were implemented in a finite element program by using a weak form partial differential equation modeling technique without the need for programming user-defined material subroutines. Model parameters were derived from fundamental material properties by using dynamic modulus, strength, and repeated load tests. Simulations indicated that the viscoelasticviscoplasticviscofracture characteristics were effectively modeled by the VEPF models for asphalt mixtures at different confinements and temperatures. An asphalt mixture under monotonic compressive loads exhibited a sequenced process including a pure viscoelastic deformation stage, a coupled viscoelasticviscoplastic deformation stage, a viscoelasticviscoplastic deformation coupled with a viscofracture initiation and a propagation stage, and then a viscoelasticviscofracture rupture stage with saturated viscoplastic deformation. The asphalt mixture under repeated loads yielded an increasing viscoplastic strain at an increasing rate during the first half of the haversine load, while the increment of the viscoplastic strain (per load cycle) decreased with load cycles. The finite element program, which is based on a partial differential equation, effectively modeled the coupled viscoelasticviscoplasticviscofracture behaviors of the asphalt mixtures.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Zhang, Y., Gu, F., Birgisson, B., & Lytton, R. L.

citation count

  • 15

complete list of authors

  • Zhang, Yuqing||Gu, Fan||Birgisson, Bjorn||Lytton, Robert L

publication date

  • January 2017