Initiation site binding protein and the initiator-like promoter element of mouse mammary tumor virus. Academic Article uri icon


  • The mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) promoter contains an element near its transcription initiation site that is recognized by a protein termed initiation site binding protein (ISBP). Spacing between the TATA box and the ISBP site is important for MMTV promoter function, as altered spacing results in heterogeneity in start site selection in vitro and in vivo. The sequence of the ISBP site is related to initiator elements common in many RNA polymerase II promoters. However, binding of partially purified ISBP to several promoters that contain well-characterized initiator elements was not detected; these promoters included binding sites for a number of previously identified initiator-binding proteins. Partially purified ISBP did, however, bind with high affinity to sequences near the initiation sites of the SV40 major late and adenovirus 2 E1B promoters.

published proceedings

  • Virology

author list (cited authors)

  • Fee, B. E., Steinke, J. W., Pierce, J., & Peterson, D. O.

citation count

  • 3

complete list of authors

  • Fee, Brian E||Steinke, John W||Pierce, Jennifer||Peterson, David O

publication date

  • October 2002