Complex induction of bovine uterine proteins by interferon-tau. Academic Article uri icon


  • Interferon-tau (IFN-tau) is released by the conceptus and induces two uterine proteins during early pregnancy: ubiquitin cross-reactive protein (UCRP) and granulocyte chemotactic protein-2 (GCP-2). The present experiments were designed to determine whether detection (Western blot) of cytosolic UCRP and release of GCP-2 could be used to examine IFN-tau signal transduction in cultured endometrial explants and primary epithelial cells. Recombinant (r) type 1 IFNs (rboIFN-tau and rboIFN-alpha; 5, 25, 100 nM) induced UCRP, but only rboIFN-tau induced GCP-2 in explant culture. Recombinant boIFN-tau and conceptus secretory proteins containing native IFN-tau induced UCRP and GCP-2 in cultured primary epithelial cells. All concentrations of rboIFN-alpha (25, 50, 100 nM) induced UCRP, but only the highest concentration induced GCP-2 in cultured primary epithelial cells. Interestingly, phorbol ester (100, 500, 1000 ng/ml) induced GCP-2, but it had no effect on UCRP. Because type 1 IFNs induce UCRP, IFN-tau probably interacts with the janus kinase (Jak)-associated IFN-alpha receptor to phosphorylate signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) and/or interferon regulatory factor-1 (IRF-1). However, IFN-tau-specific induction of GCP-2 may involve a variant type 1 receptor subunit or activators of transcription that are associated with protein kinase C and the Jak/STAT/IRF-1 pathway.

published proceedings

  • Biol Reprod

altmetric score

  • 6

author list (cited authors)

  • Staggs, K. L., Austin, K. J., Johnson, G. A., Teixeira, M. G., Talbott, C. T., Dooley, V. A., & Hansen, T. R.

citation count

  • 48

complete list of authors

  • Staggs, KL||Austin, KJ||Johnson, GA||Teixeira, MG||Talbott, CT||Dooley, VA||Hansen, TR

publication date

  • August 1998