Butyltin compounds in sediments from the commercial harbor of Alexandria City, Egypt. Academic Article uri icon


  • Tributyltin (TBT), dibutyltin (DBT), and monobutyltin (MBT) compounds were quantitatively determined in surface-sediment samples collected from 23 sites in the commercial harbor of Alexandria City, Egypt. Butyltin concentrations in sediments varied widely depending on the sample location, ranging from less than 0.1 to 186 ng g(-1) of Sn for MBT, less than 0.1 to 379 ng g(-1) of Sn for DBT, and 1 to 2,067 ng g(-1) of Sn for TBT Elevated TBT concentrations, ranging from 727 to 2,067 ng g(-1) of Sn were observed in harbors, marinas, and near ship-repair facilities, indicating that the butyltin-containing, antifouling paints of boats and vessels are the major source of butyltin contamination. The TBT concentration decreased rapidly away from potential source areas of boat docking and repair facilities. The high relative concentrations of TBT in the sediments indicated that degradation processes in the sediments are minor, probably due to the anoxic sedimentary conditions at the sampling sites and/or relatively fresh input of TBT to these sites.

published proceedings

  • Environ Toxicol Chem

author list (cited authors)

  • Barakat, A. O., Kim, M., Qian, Y., & Wade, T. L.

citation count

  • 20

complete list of authors

  • Barakat, AO||Kim, M||Qian, Y||Wade, TL

publication date

  • December 2001