Kinetic analysis of demethylation of 13C-aminopyrine in healthy dogs. Academic Article uri icon


  • OBJECTIVE: To describe the kinetics of demethylation of 13C-aminopyrine in healthy dogs for use in determining the most appropriate time for collection of blood samples for a 13C-aminopyrine demethylation blood test for evaluation of hepatic function. ANIMALS: 9 healthy dogs. PROCEDURES: A 2-mL baseline blood sample was collected into an evacuated heparinized tube, and 13C-aminopyrine was administered to each dog (2 mg/kg, IV). Additional 2-mL blood samples were collected 15, 30, 45, 60, 75, 90, 105, 120, 135, 150, 180, 240, 300, and 360 minutes after 13C-aminopyrine administration. The CO2 was extracted from blood samples by addition of a strong acid, and the percentage dose of 13CO2 (PCD) in the extracted gas was determined by fractional mass spectrometry. RESULTS: No dogs had gross evidence of adverse effects, and all had an increase in PCD after IV administration of 13C-aminopyrine. The PCD had the least variability among 5 variables used to evaluate hepatic demethylating capacity. Peak PCD was detected at 30 minutes in 1 dog, 45 minutes in 5 dogs, 60 minutes in 2 dogs, and 75 minutes in 1 dog. The mean PCD for the 9 dogs peaked at 45 minutes after 13C-aminopyrine administration. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: PCD appears to be the preferable variable for evaluation of hepatic demethylating capacity. Intravenous administration of 13C-aminopyrine leads to a consistent increase in PCD. Mean PCD peaked 45 minutes after administration, suggesting that blood sample collection 45 minutes after 13C-aminopyrine administration may be appropriate for use in estimating hepatic demethylating capacity.

published proceedings

  • Am J Vet Res

author list (cited authors)

  • Moeller, E. M., Steiner, J. M., Williams, D. A., Tetrick, M., & Burr, J.

citation count

  • 7

complete list of authors

  • Moeller, E Michael||Steiner, Jörg M||Williams, David A||Tetrick, Mark||Burr, John

publication date

  • February 2004