A Method for Creating Artificial Thrombi In Vitro Using a Rotating Mechanical Surface.
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Thromboembolism is a common concern in ventricular assist device (VAD) therapy. Precise VAD response to pass-through thromboembolism needs to be studied in a controlled in vitro setting where specific pump parameters (i.e., power consumption, flow rates, impeller RPM) can be monitored while various types of thrombi are introduced. In this article, we describe a method for creating standardized fibrin thrombi that could be introduced into a mock circulatory loop for testing VAD response to thromboembolism. Donor equine blood collected using a sodium citrate was allowed to clot by adding calcium chloride (CaCl2) while a rotating component applied shear forces to the blood. This rotating force was applied at various speeds and at various distances into the blood. Resulting clots showed similar microscopic features to thrombi taken from explanted clinical VADs. Higher RPM of the rotating component and smaller clearances between the rotating component and the blood created clots that closely resembled ante-explant clots found within VADs in vivo. This method is an effective way to create artificial fibrin clots for use in in vitro experiments to test thromboembolism in VADs.
author list (cited authors)
Jessen, S. L., Masse, A. M., Carpenter, M. D., Clubb, F. J., & Weeks, B. R.
complete list of authors
Jessen, Staci L||Masse, Andrew M||Carpenter, Mallory D||Clubb, Fred J||Weeks, Brad R