Partial enterectomy in the rat does not diminish muscle glutamine production.
- Additional Document Info
- View All
The hypothesis was posed that consumption of the amino acid glutamine by the splanchnic tissues is an important regulating mechanism for its production in muscle. Therefore, glutamine consumption or production in portal-drained viscera (PDV), liver, and hindquarter was measured by determining fluxes and intracellular concentrations after 80% enterectomy or SHAM operation in rats. Moreover, fluxes and intracellular concentrations of several other amino acids, ammonia, and liver urea production were determined concomitantly. After enterectomy, arterial glutamine concentration was increased, PDV glutamine consumption was decreased by 77%, and liver glutamine consumption was unchanged compared with values in SHAM-operated rats. Although hindquarter glutamine production remained unchanged after enterectomy, intracellular glutamate concentration (glutamine precursor) was lower, suggesting that enterectomy induces changes in muscle metabolism without changing the flux of glutamine. For the remaining gut, it was calculated that after enterectomy glutamine consumption per gram remaining gut tissue increased. These results cast doubt on the hypothesis that diminished splanchnic glutamine uptake can reduce muscle glutamine production.
author list (cited authors)
Deutz, N. E., Dejong, C. H., Athanasas, G., & Soeters, P. B.
complete list of authors
Deutz, NE||Dejong, CH||Athanasas, G||Soeters, PB