NO production by cNOS and iNOS reflects blood pressure changes in LPS-challenged mice. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Increased nitric oxide (NO) production is the cause of hypotension and shock during sepsis. In the present experiments, we have measured the contribution of endothelial (e) and inducible (i) nitric oxide synthase (NOS) to systemic NO production in mice under baseline conditions and upon LPS treatment (100 microg/10 g ip LPS). NO synthesis was measured by the rate of conversion of l-[guanidino-15N2]arginine to l-[ureido-15N]citrulline, and the contribution of the specific NOS isoforms was evaluated by comparing NO production in eNOS-deficient [(-/-)] and iNOS(-/-) mice with that in wild-type (WT) mice. Under baseline conditions, NO production was similar in WT and iNOS(-/-) mice but lower in eNOS(-/-) mice [WT: 1.2 +/- 0.2; iNOS(-/-): 1.2 +/- 0.2; eNOS(-/-): 0.6 +/- 0.3 nmol. 10 g body wt-1. min-1]. In response to the challenge with LPS (5 h), systemic NO production increased in WT and eNOS(-/-) mice but fell in iNOS(-/-) mice [WT: 2.7 +/- 0.3; eNOS(-/-): 2.2 +/- 0.6; iNOS(-/-): 0.7 +/- 0.1 nmol. 10 g body wt-1. min-1]. After 5 h of LPS treatment, blood pressure had dropped 14 mmHg in WT but not in iNOS(-/-) mice. The present findings provide firm evidence that, upon treatment with bacterial LPS, the increase of NO production is solely dependent on iNOS, whereas that mediated by cNOS is reduced. Furthermore, the data show that the LPS-induced blood pressure response is dependent on iNOS.

published proceedings

  • Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab

author list (cited authors)

  • Hallemeesch, M. M., Janssen, B., de Jonge, W. J., Soeters, P. B., Lamers, W. H., & Deutz, N.

citation count

  • 59

complete list of authors

  • Hallemeesch, Marcella M||Janssen, Ben JA||de Jonge, Wouter J||Soeters, Peter B||Lamers, Wouter H||Deutz, Nicolaas EP

publication date

  • October 2003