Genetics of organophosphate resistance in field populations of the house fly (Diptera: Muscidae).
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The genetics of resistance to the organophosphate insecticide diazinon were investigated in four populations of the house fly, Musca domestica L., collected in the southern United States. Crosses were made between individual females of lines derived from each population and males of a susceptible strain with three recessive mutants on chromosome II. Individual F1 females were crossed to mutant males, and the progenies were scored for resistance to diazinon and for the presence of mutant phenotypes. A major chromosome II gene for resistance to diazinon was present in all populations at an overall frequency of 83%. Map distances between the resistance gene and the mutant aristapedia and between the mutants aristapedia and stubby wing were highly variable in all populations. Recombination among the visible mutants was usually reduced in resistant progenies relative to susceptible progenies. The data suggest that a single major gene for resistance to diazinon was present on chromosome II in all test populations at variable map positions and is usually associated with a chromosome rearrangement, probably an inversion. The results are similar to those obtained earlier with house fly populations selected for resistance to insecticides in the laboratory; therefore, they seem to be characteristic of field and laboratory populations of the house fly. Overall, the data offer an explanation for previous results suggesting the existence of multiple, closely linked genes for metabolic resistance to insecticides on house fly chromosome II.
author list (cited authors)
Cluck, T. W., Plapp, F. W., & Johnston, J. S.
complete list of authors
Cluck, TW||Plapp, FW||Johnston, JS