Children's motivation in elementary physical education: a longitudinal study. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The present study examined relationships among variables drawn from achievement goal theory and the expectancy-value model of achievement choice as well as mean level changes of these variables over time in elementary physical education. Participants (N = 207) completed questionnaires over a 2-year period: once while in the second and fourth grades and again when they were in the third and fifth grades. Results indicated that achievement goals, expectancy-related beliefs, and subjective task values were related to one another and were predictive of children's intention for future participation in physical education. Children's subjective task values of physical education decreased over time. Children in Cohort 1 (across second to third grades) generally had stronger motivation for learning in physical education than children in Cohort 2 (across fourth to fifth grades). Findings suggest the importance of integrating achievement goal theory and the expectancy-value model of achievement choice in understanding student motivation.

published proceedings

  • Res Q Exerc Sport

altmetric score

  • 6

author list (cited authors)

  • Xiang, P., McBride, R., & Guan, J.

citation count

  • 56

complete list of authors

  • Xiang, Ping||McBride, Ron||Guan, Jianmin

publication date

  • March 2004