Comparison of permeable friction course mixtures fabricated using asphalt rubber and performance-grade asphalt binders Academic Article uri icon


  • Permeable friction course mixtures (PFC) are special hot mix asphalt (HMA) mixtures that are designed to improve motorist safety and reduce traffic noise (i.e., tire-pavement noise). In terms of pavement structural design and construction, PFC mixtures are typically used as the surfacing course layer where in addition to improving the skid resistance, also serve as the surface drainage layer. This paper compares PFC mixtures designed and fabricated using performance grade (PG) and asphalt rubber (AR) asphalt-binders (or asphalts). The experimental design included assessment of total air voids (AV) content, durability, drainability, stone-on-stone contact, and internal structure of the PFC mixtures fabricated using both AR and PG asphalts; denoted herein as AR-PFC and PG-PFC mixtures, respectively. The analysis conducted provided evidence of differences between AR-PFC and PG-PFC mixtures that suggest the need for differentiation and refinement of the existing specifications to consider these mixtures as independent materials. Future research should, therefore, focus on defining particular specifications for mix design and control for AR-PFC and PG-PFC mixtures. 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 0.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Alvarez, A. E., Fernandez, E. M., Martin, A. E., Reyes, O. J., Simate, G. S., & Walubita, L. F.

citation count

  • 40

complete list of authors

  • Alvarez, Allex E||Fernandez, Elvia M||Martin, Amy Epps||Reyes, Oscar J||Simate, Geoffrey S||Walubita, Lubinda F

publication date

  • March 2012