Chapter 31 Global Emerging Microbial Issues in the Anthropocene Era Chapter uri icon


  • 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This chapter discusses the major global microbial issues that have been impacted by human activities. First, there is a discussion of microbial contributions to climate change via nitrous oxide emissions from soil, and methane emissions from landfills. Following this, the influence of global change on microbial infectious disease is discussed, including El Nio effects and the effects of urbanization and deforestation. A dramatic example of human activities affecting microbial issues is documented through an evaluation of oil spills within oceans as epitomized by the Exxon Valdez spill in 1989 and the BP Deepwater Horizon spill in 2010. The chapter concludes with a discussion of antibiotic-resistant bacteria including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).

altmetric score

  • 0.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Pepper, I. L., Gerba, C. P., & Gentry, T. J.

citation count

  • 3

complete list of authors

  • Pepper, Ian L||Gerba, Charles P||Gentry, Terry J

Book Title

  • Environmental Microbiology

publication date

  • January 2015