Effect of dietary fat and cholesterol level on growing pigs selected for three generations for high or low serum cholesterol at age 56 days.
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Thirty-six female pigs selected for three generations for high (HS, n = 18) and low (LS, n = 18) serum cholesterol at 56 d of age were used to test the hypothesis that the two populations would respond differently to a high-fat, high-cholesterol diet (HD) and a low-fat, low-cholesterol diet (LD). The animals were four-way crosses (Chester White x Landrace x Large White x Yorkshire). All pigs were fed a standard corn-soybean meal starter diet from weaning (at 4 wk) to 8 wk of age and a grower diet from 8 to 12 wk of age. Initial serum total cholesterol concentration at 12 wk of age was higher (P less than .05) in HS than in LS pigs (94.6 vs 76.9 mg/dL, respectively). The effect of genetic background persisted throughout the 13-wk experiment (25 wk of age); there was no interaction between diet and genetic background in serum total cholesterol (final concentrations were 114.3 mg/dL in HS-HD; 107.0 mg/dL in HS-LD; 105.9 mg/dL in LS-HD; and 89.7 mg/dL LS-LD). Trends over time revealed significant effects of diet (P less than .01) and genetic background (P less than .01) on serum total cholesterol. There was no effect of genetic background on high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol concentration; high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol as a percentage of serum total cholesterol was similar for all groups: 43% for HS-HD, 48% for HS-LD, 42% for LS-HD, and 45% for LS-LD.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
author list (cited authors)
Pond, W. G., Insull, W., Mersmann, H. J., Wong, W. W., Harris, K. B., Cross, H. R., ... Kömüves, L. G
complete list of authors
Pond, WG||Insull, W||Mersmann, HJ||Wong, WW||Harris, KB||Cross, HR||Smith, EO||Heath, JP||Kömüves, LG