Reactivity at the LithiumMetal Anode Surface of LithiumSulfur Batteries Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • 2015 American Chemical Society. Due to their high energy density and reduced cost, lithium-sulfur batteries are promising alternatives for applications such as electrical vehicles. However, a number of technical challenges need to be overcome in order to make them feasible for commercial uses. These challenges arise from the battery highly interconnected chemistry, which besides the electrochemical reactions includes side reactions at both electrodes and migration of soluble polysulfide (PS) species produced at the cathode to the anode side. The presence of such PS species alters the already complex reactivity of the Li anode. In this work, interfacial reactions occurring at the surface of Li metal anodes due to electrochemical instability of the electrolyte components and PS species are investigated with density functional theory and ab initio molecular dynamics methods. It is found that the bis(trifluoromethane)sulfonimide lithium salt reacts very fast when in contact with the Li surface, and anion decomposition precedes salt dissociation. The anion decomposition mechanisms are fully elucidated. Two of the typical solvents used in Li-S technology, 1,3-dioxolane and 1,2-dimethoxyethane, are found stable during the entire simulation length, in contrast with the case of ethylene carbonate that is rapidly decomposed by sequential 2- or 4-electron mechanisms. On the other hand, the fast reactivity of the soluble PS species alters the side reactions because the PS totally decomposes before any of the electrolyte components forming Li2S on the anode surface.

published proceedings

  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C

author list (cited authors)

  • Camacho-Forero, L. E., Smith, T. W., Bertolini, S., & Balbuena, P. B.

citation count

  • 109

complete list of authors

  • Camacho-Forero, Luis E||Smith, Taylor W||Bertolini, Samuel||Balbuena, Perla B

publication date

  • December 2015