Seismic Response Control Using Shape Memory Alloys: A Review
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Shape memory alloys (SMAs) are a class of alloys that possess numerous unique characteristics. They offer complete shape recovery after experiencing large strains, energy dissipation through hysteresis of response, excellent resistance to corrosion, high fatigue resistance, and high strength. These features of SMAs, which can be exploited for the use in control of civil structures subjected to seismic events, have attracted the interest of many researchers in structural engineering over the past decades. This article presents an extensive review of seismic applications of SMAs. First, a basic description of two unique effects of SMAs, namely shape memory and superelastic effect, is provided. Then, the mechanical characteristics of the most commonly used SMAs are discussed. Next, the material models proposed to capture the response of SMAs in seismic applications are briefly introduced. Finally, applications of SMAs to buildings and bridges to improve seismic response are thoroughly reviewed. © 2011 The Author(s).
author list (cited authors)
Ozbulut, O. E., Hurlebaus, S., & Desroches, R.