Effect of increasing amounts of postextraction algal residue on straw utilization in steers. Academic Article uri icon


  • Algal biomass has been identified as a third-generation biofuel. Significant quantities of the coproduct postextraction algal residue (PEAR) remain after lipid extraction. After extraction, PEAR is concentrated in protein (17.9% CP on a DM basis and 32.5% CP on an ash-free basis), suggesting it may be an alternative to cottonseed meal (CSM) as a protein supplement. Our objectives were to determine the optimal level of PEAR supplementation to steers consuming straw and to compare the effects of PEAR supplementation on straw utilization and N metabolism with an isonitrogenous level of CSM. Five steers (198.2 6.1 kg of BW), in a 5 5 Latin square, had ad libitum access to oat straw (80% NDF and 4.5% CP on a DM basis). Treatments were infused ruminally once daily and included no supplemental protein (CON); PEAR at 50, 100, and 150 mg N/kg BW; and CSM at 100 mg N/kg BW. Provision of PEAR increased total digestible OM intake (TDOMI) quadratically (P = 0.01) from 0.9 (CON) to 1.6 kg/d (100 mg N/kg BW of PEAR). Organic matter digestibility (OMD) increased quadratically (P < 0.01) with supplementation and was maximized (55% OMD) at 50 mg N/kg BW of PEAR. At isonitrogenous levels of PEAR and CSM, TDOMI was similar (P = 0.13) as was OMD (P = 0.50). Negative N balance was observed for all treatments except PEAR provided at 100 or 150 mg of N/kg BW. Nitrogen balance was quadratic (P < 0.01) with the greatest retention (1.84 g N/d) occurring at 100 mg N/kg BW of PEAR. There were no differences (P 0.22) between isonitrogenous PEAR and CSM supplementation in measurements of ruminal ammonia or VFA concentrations. Straw utilization was maximized when PEAR was provided at 100 mg N/kg BW. Our observations suggest cattle provided PEAR utilize straw in a manner similar to those supplemented CSM, indicating PEAR has potential to substitute for CSM as a protein supplement in forage-based operations.

published proceedings

  • J Anim Sci

altmetric score

  • 154

author list (cited authors)

  • Drewery, M. L., Sawyer, J. E., Pinchak, W. E., & Wickersham, T. A.

citation count

  • 25

complete list of authors

  • Drewery, ML||Sawyer, JE||Pinchak, WE||Wickersham, TA

publication date

  • January 2014