Physiochemical properties of bio-oil produced at various temperatures from pine wood using an auger reactor
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A fast pyrolysis process produces a high yield of liquid (a.k.a. bio-oil) and has gained a lot of interest among various stakeholders. Nonetheless, some of the properties inherent by the bio-oil create significant challenges for its wider applications. Quality of the bio-oil and its yield are highly dependent on process parameters, such as temperature, feedstock, moisture content and residence time. In this study, the effect of temperature on bio-oil quality and its yield were examined using pine wood, an abundant biomass source in the southeastern part of the United States. Physical properties of bio-oil such as pH, water content, higher heating value, solid content and ash were analyzed and compared with a recently published ASTM standard. Bio-oil produced from pine wood using an auger reactor met specifications suggested by the ASTM standard. Thirty-two chemical compounds were analyzed. The study found that the concentration of phenol and its derivatives increased with the increase in pyrolysis temperature whereas the concentration of guaiacol and its derivatives decreased as the temperature increased. Concentration of acetic and other acids remained almost constant or increased with the increase in temperature although the pH value of the bio-oil decreased with the increase in temperature.
author list (cited authors)
Thangalazhy-Gopakumar, S., Adhikari, S., Ravindran, H., Gupta, R. B., Fasina, O., Tu, M., & Fernando, S. D.