Endocrine Profile Comparisons of Fat Versus Moderately Conditioned Mares Following Parturition Academic Article uri icon


  • The influence of progesterone, luteinizing hormone (LH), and estrogen on the mare's estrous cycle has been well researched and documented, but other endocrine profiles have not received as much attention. To evaluate endocrine concentrations in fat-conditioned (body condition score [BCS] of 7-8) versus moderately conditioned mares (BCS of 5-6), 24 mares were allotted to and maintained in respective groups from late gestation until pregnancy was confirmed after breeding on the second postpartum estrus. Serum concentrations of thyroxine (T4), insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), and leptin were assayed to characterize circulating blood concentrations. Additionally, LH and progesterone serum concentrations were assayed to evaluate the estrous cycle status of the mares. Leptin and progesterone concentrations were not different (P > .05) between the groups. Nevertheless, serum concentrations of T4 were higher (P < .01) and IGF-1 concentrations lower (P < .01) in moderately conditioned as compared with fat-conditioned mares during times of ovulation and the interovulatory period. Furthermore, serum concentrations of LH were found to be different between the groups only when the estrous cycle approached the second ovulation (P < .0001). Results of this study suggest that mares maintained in a BCS of 5 or greater are similar in terms of reproductive efficiency. Although the circulating serum concentrations of T4 and IGF-1 are different after parturition, their influence does not affect reproductive capabilities of mares with a BCS of 5 or greater. © 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

author list (cited authors)

  • Cavinder, C. A., Vogelsang, M. M., Gibbs, P. G., Forrest, D. W., & Schmitz, D. G.

citation count

  • 8

publication date

  • February 2007