Multipartite structure of a negative regulatory element associated with a steroid hormone-inducible promoter. Academic Article uri icon


  • The steroid hormone-inducible promoter from mouse mammary tumor virus is associated with a distal negative regulatory element that represses its inherent basal activity. Deletion analysis localized the sequences required for repression to 64 base pairs of DNA between -427 and -364 with respect to the transcription initiation site. Transient transfection experiments with a series of linker scanning and small internal deletion mutations revealed two mutation-sensitive domains separated by a region of relative resistance to sequence alterations. DNase I footprinting and gel electrophoresis mobility shift experiments with crude nuclear extracts identified at least one protein-binding site within each of the two mutation-sensitive regions. An oligonucleotide corresponding to one of these sites is able to repress transcription, but only when linked to the promoter in multiple copies. This negative regulatory element functions synergistically with a promoter proximal negative element to mediate efficient promoter repression, selectively affecting basal relative to steroid hormone-induced transcription and thus increasing the ratio of promoter activity observed in the presence and absence of hormone.

published proceedings

  • J Biol Chem

author list (cited authors)

  • Lee, J. W., Moffitt, P. G., Morley, K. L., & Peterson, D. O.

citation count

  • 28

complete list of authors

  • Lee, JW||Moffitt, PG||Morley, KL||Peterson, DO

publication date

  • January 1991