Sloshing effects on multi-vessel motions by using Moving Particle Simulation Conference Paper uri icon


  • The coupling between vessel motion and inner-tank sloshing is investigated by a potential-CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) hybrid method in time domain. Potential-theory-based 3D diffraction/radiation panel program is used to simulate vessel motions in time domain. The liquid sloshing in tanks is simulated with smaller time steps by using the improved MPS (Moving Particle Simulation) method. The two programs are coupled at each interactive time step. The calculated sloshing tank forces and moments are applied to the vessel motion as excitation forces and moments. The ship motion, which is influenced by sloshing-induced tank forces, is in turn inputted to the MPS system as forced motions. For the verification of the coupling, a barge-type FPSO hull with two partially filled inner tanks is selected and the numerically simulated results correlate well against the measurements done by MARIN for various fill ratios. It is seen both in prediction and experiment that the roll RAOs (Response Amplitude Operators) are sensitive to the amount of liquid cargo and can be increased or decreased by a factor of 2 or 3 in some wave frequency range compared to the bare-hull case. It is also shown that the nonlinear sloshing effects can alter the vessel-motion characteristics in relatively high waves. The simulation is extended to dual vessels in side-by-side arrangement to simulate LNG offloading operation. Copyright 2011 by the International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers (ISOPE).

published proceedings

  • Proceedings of the International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference

author list (cited authors)

  • Kim, K. S., Kim, M. H., Lee, B. H., Hwang, S. C., & Park, J. C.

complete list of authors

  • Kim, KS||Kim, MH||Lee, BH||Hwang, SC||Park, JC

publication date

  • January 2011