Involvement of protein kinase and extraplastidic serine/threonine protein phosphatases in signaling pathways regulating plastid transcription and the psbD blue light-responsive promoter in barley. Academic Article uri icon


  • We investigated the signaling pathways that control changes in plastid transcription in response to development and light. Plastid gene expression was analyzed in dark-grown barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) seedlings treated in vivo with an inhibitor of protein phosphatases 1 and 2A, okadaic acid (OA), or an inhibitor of protein kinases (K252a), followed by exposure of the seedlings to either red, blue, or white light. OA prevented blue light from activating the plastid pshD blue-light-responsive promoter (BLRP) and prevented red and blue light from activating the expression of the plastid-encoded rbcl and psbA and the nuclear-encoded RbcS and Lhcb genes. OA reduced total plastid transcription activity in dark- and light-grown seedlings by 77 to 80%, indicating that OA prevented light-responsive transcription by reducing total plastid transcription. In contrast, K252a activated the accumulation of mRNAs arising from the BLRP. Blue light in combination with K252a increased psbD mRNA levels in an additive manner. The results indicate that protein phosphatases 1 and/or 2A, which reside external to the organelle, are required for proper function of plastid transcription and chloroplast development, whereas a protein kinase represses the BLRP in plants grown in the dark.

published proceedings

  • Plant Physiol

author list (cited authors)

  • Christopher, D. A., Li, X., Kim, M., & Mullet, J. E.

citation count

  • 38

complete list of authors

  • Christopher, DA||Li, X||Kim, M||Mullet, JE

publication date

  • April 1997