Design of a hybrid AsS-Ti:LiNbO optical waveguide for phase-matched difference frequency generation at mid-infrared. Academic Article uri icon


  • Based on arsenic tri-sulfide films on titanium-diffused lithium niobate, we designed a hybrid optical waveguide for efficient mid-infrared emission by phase-matched difference frequency generation (DFG). The hybrid waveguide structure possesses a low-index magnesium fluoride buffer layer sandwiched between two high-index As(2)S(3) slabs, so that pump and signal waves are tightly confined by titanium-diffused waveguide while the DFG output idler wave at mid-infrared is confined by the whole hybrid waveguide structure. On a 1 mm-long hybrid waveguide pumped at 50 mW powers, a normalized power conversion efficiency of 20.52%W(-1)cm(-2) was theoretically predicted, which is the highest record for mid-infrared DFG waveguides based on lithium niobate crystal, to the best of our knowledge. Using a tunable near-infrared pump laser at 1.38-1.47 m or a tunable signal laser at 1.95-2.15 m, a broad mid-infrared tuning range from 4.0 m to 4.9 m can be achieved. Such hybrid optical waveguides are feasible for mid-infrared emission with mW powers and sub-nanometer linewidths.

published proceedings

  • Opt Express

author list (cited authors)

  • Wang, X., & Madsen, C. K.

citation count

  • 5

complete list of authors

  • Wang, Xin||Madsen, Christi K

publication date

  • January 2014