Simultaneous particle image velocimetry and laser Doppler velocimetry measurements of periodical oscillatory horseshoe vortex system near square cylinder-base plate juncture Academic Article uri icon


  • This paper presents simultaneous measurements using particle image velocimetry (PIV) and laser Doppler velocimetry (LDV) techniques on the study of a horseshoe vortex system. The horseshoe vortex system is generated near the juncture of a vertical square cylinder and a horizontal base plate. The combination of PIV and LDV not only gives the spatial distribution and time history of velocity near the juncture for spatial and time domain analyses, it also allows phase averaging the PIV velocity data to reduce noise and, in a turbulent flow, result in turbulence statistics. A flow visualization technique displaying particle streaklines has also been used to help the classification of the vortex system and visualize the flow motion and vortex evolution. The classification of the horseshoe vortex was briefly categorized as steady, periodical oscillatory, and turbulence-like chaotic vortex systems through the use of the flow visualization technique and time-domain spectral analysis. Phase-averaged flow characteristics of the periodical oscillatory vortex system with a Reynolds number of 2,250 are presented in detail through the use of PIV and LDV as well as the flow visualization technique.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Lin, C., Lai, W. J., & Chang, K. A.

citation count

  • 36

publication date

  • October 2003