Upscaling of Mixed Finite Element Discretization Problems by the Spectral AMGe Method
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2016 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics. We propose two multilevel spectral techniques for constructing coarse discretization spaces for saddle-point problems corresponding to PDEs involving a divergence constraint, with a focus on mixed finite element discretizations of scalar self-adjoint second order elliptic equations on general unstructured grids. We use element agglomeration algebraic multigrid (AMGe), which employs coarse elements that can have nonstandard shape since they are agglomerates of fine-grid elements. The coarse basis associated with each agglomerated coarse element is constructed by solving local eigenvalue problems and local mixed finite element problems. This construction leads to stable upscaled coarse spaces and guarantees the inf-sup compatibility of the upscaled discretization. Also, the approximation properties of these upscaled spaces improve by adding more local eigenfunctions to the coarse spaces. The higher accuracy comes at the cost of additional computational effort, as the sparsity of the resulting upscaled coarse discretization (referred to as operator complexity) deteriorates when we introduce additional functions in the coarse space. We also provide an efficient solver for the coarse (upscaled) saddle-point system by employing hybridization, which leads to a symmetric positive definite (s.p.d.) reduced system for the Lagrange multipliers, and to solve the latter s.p.d. system, we use our previously developed spectral AMGe solver. Numerical experiments, in both two and three dimensions, are provided to illustrate the efficiency of the proposed upscaling technique.
SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing
author list (cited authors)
Kalchev, D. Z., Lee, C. S., Villa, U., Efendiev, Y., & Vassilevski, P. S.
complete list of authors
Kalchev, DZ||Lee, CS||Villa, U||Efendiev, Y||Vassilevski, PS