Effect of photoperiod on the rate of 3H-thymidine incorporation of epididymal principal cells in adult Syrian hamsters. Academic Article uri icon


  • Photoperiod-induced cycles of gonadal regression and recrudescence in the Syrian hamster were used to determine if epididymal growth in adults involves mitotic activity of principal cells. In Experiment 1, the following groups of adult hamsters were examined: induced recrudescing (5L:19D [5 hr light and 19 hr dark] for 13 wk followed by 14L:10D for at least 3 wk), spontaneous recrudescing (5L:19D for 25 wk), and active gonadal state (14:10D). In Experiment 2, adult hamsters were divided into the following groups: induced recrudescing, active, and regressed (5L:19D for 16 wk). Hamsters received subcutaneous injections of 0.5 microCi 3H-thymidine/g body weight three times/wk for 3 wk. The epididymis was fixed in a glutaraldehyde followed by osmium, embedded in Epon 812, and sectioned at 1 micron. Slides were dipped in Kodak NTB-3 emulsion, exposed for 2 or 3 months, developed, and evaluated for isotopic labeling of principal and basal cell nuclei by scoring 500 to 1,000 nuclei. In Experiment 1, the percentages of labeled principal cell nuclei for the induced recrudescing, spontaneous recrudescing, and active groups were 26 +/- 2%, 23 +/- 5%, and 9 +/- 1%, respectively. Considering the intermittent availability of 3H-thymidine during 21 days, this represents daily recruitment of 6.3%, 5.6%, and 2.2%, respectively. In Experiment 2, the percentages of labeled principal cell nuclei for induced recrudescing, active, and regressed groups were 12 +/- 4%, 3 +/- 1%, and 4 +/- 1%, respectively. There was no effect of photoperiod on labeling pattern of basal cells (1.5 +/- 0.6%, 1.2 +/- 0.1%, 0.4 +/- 0.1% for the three photoperiod groups, respectively).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

published proceedings

  • J Exp Zool

author list (cited authors)

  • Johnson, L., & Bartke, A.

citation count

  • 2

complete list of authors

  • Johnson, L||Bartke, A

publication date

  • April 1991