Drainability of Permeable Friction Course Mixtures Academic Article uri icon


  • Drainability is one of the main characteristics of permeable friction course (PFC) mixtures and is the primary reason for using these mixtures as the surface course in asphalt pavements in the United States. Current approaches suggested for PFC mix design to evaluate drainability (using gyratory-compacted specimens) include: (1) achieving a target total air void (AV) content as an indirect indication of permeability and (2) direct measurement of permeability in the laboratory. The assessment conducted in this study suggested that these approaches are not effective in ensuring adequate drainability in field-compacted mixtures. Thus, different alternatives were evaluated to improve this assessment. Corresponding analysis suggested that: (1) the water-accessible AV content can be used as a surrogate of the total AV content to indirectly assess permeability and (2) the water flow value (outflow time) can be applied to evaluate the field drainability of PFC mixtures. The expected value of permeability, determined using a modified version of the Kozeny-Carman equation, was recommended to analytically predict permeability for mix design and evaluation purposes. 2010 ASCE.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Alvarez, A. E., Martin, A. E., & Estakhri, C.

citation count

  • 35

complete list of authors

  • Alvarez, Allex E||Martin, Amy Epps||Estakhri, Cindy

publication date

  • June 2010