New developments in quaternion estimation from vector observations Academic Article uri icon


  • This paper contains a critical comparison of estimators minimizing Wahba's loss function. Some new results are presented for the QUaternion ESTimator (QUEST) and EStimators of the Optimal Quaternion (ESOQ and ESOQ2) to avoid the computational burden of sequential rotations in these algorithms. None of these methods is as robust in principle as Davenport's q method or the Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) method, which are significantly slower. Robustness is only an issue for measurements with widely differing accuracies, so the fastest estimators, the modified ESOQ and ESOQ2, are well suited to sensors that track multiple stars with comparable accuracies. More robust forms of ESOQ and ESOQ2 are developed that are intermediate in speed.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Markley, F. L., & Mortari, D.

complete list of authors

  • Markley, FL||Mortari, D

publication date

  • December 2000