Soil Carbon Sequestration in Sorghum Cropping Systems: Evidence From Stable Isotopes and Aggregate-Size Fractionation Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Management practices can influence both the quantity of soil organic carbon (SOC) and its distribution into different fractions or pools. We investigated SOC sequestration potentials of cropping systems in near-surface (0-5 cm) samples through soil size and density fractionation coupled with acid hydrolysis and natural abundance of stable isotopes (13C) in a 20-year field study in the southern Great Plains in 2002. Treatments included two tillage regimens, conventional and no tillage (NT), in combination with two cropping systems: continuous grain sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench.] (CS) and a sorghum-wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)-soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] (SWSoy) rotation, and with or without N fertilization. Tillage and cropping sequence significantly affected SOC distribution and the natural abundance of 13C in different fractions. Samples from CS exhibited 13C values ranging from -15 to -20, suggesting most SOC was derived from this C4 crop species. The 13C values for soils from SWSoy varied from -20 to -22, reflecting a mixed input from C3-derived and C4-derived residue input. For whole soil and all aggregate-size fractions, SOC concentrations were significantly higher for NT than conventional tillage. However, the effects of cropping system and N fertilization on SOC interacted with tillage. Greater SOC for enhanced cropping (SWSoy) or N fertilization was observed only under NT. The fraction of <53 m represented a greater proportion of soil than other aggregate-size fractions. Our long-term study indicated that SOC and its various fractions, including more resistant, can be increased by NT with enhanced cropping and N fertilization. Copyright 2014 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

published proceedings

  • SOIL SCIENCE

author list (cited authors)

  • Dou, F., Hons, F. M., Wright, A. L., Boutton, T. W., & Yu, X.

complete list of authors

  • Dou, Fugen||Hons, Frank M||Wright, Alan L||Boutton, Thomas W||Yu, Xian

publication date

  • January 1, 2014 11:11 AM