Separation and quantification of two fluoroquinolones in serum by on-line high-performance immunoaffinity chromatography. Academic Article uri icon


  • To demonstrate that two structurally similar chemicals can be extracted from a complex matrix and then separated from each other on the basis of their relative affinities for an antibody, an automated column-switching system was used, incorporating on-line, high-performance immunoaffinity chromatography (HPIAC). A high-affinity monoclonal antibody (Mab Sara-95) against the fluoroquinolone sarafloxacin was covalently cross-linked to a protein G column and used to capture fluoroquinolones in fortified serum samples. Interference from matrix components adhering nonspecifically to the column was minimized by the insertion of a protein G cleanup column between the injection port and the Mab Sara-95 derivatized HPIAC column. Upon injection, serum samples containing the fluoroquinolones passed through both columns. The cleanup column detained serum components, that otherwise would bind nonspecifically to the HPIAC column, but allowed the fluoroquinolones to pass through unhindered to the HPIAC column. The fluoroquinolones were then eluted from the HPIAC column according to their relative affinities for the antibody, and individual peaks were monitored using fluorescence detection. By using an on-line cleanup column in tandem with an HPIAC column, the fluoroquinolones could be separated from the serum matrix and then separated from each other on the basis of their affinity for Mab Sara-95 without the use of organic solvents or reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RPLC). This method demonstrates true immunoaffinity separation of structurally related compounds in a complex matrix.

published proceedings

  • Anal Chem

author list (cited authors)

  • Holtzapple, C. K., Pishko, E. J., & Stanker, L. H

citation count

  • 16

complete list of authors

  • Holtzapple, CK||Pishko, EJ||Stanker, LH

publication date

  • September 2000