Lamprey GnRH-III Acts on Its Putative Receptor via Nitric Oxide to Release Follicle-Stimulating Hormone Specifically1
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Lamprey gonadotropin-releasing hormone-III (l-GnRH-III), the putative follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)-releasing factor (FSHRF), exerts a preferential FSH-releasing activity in rats both in vitro and in vivo. To test the hypothesis that l-GnRH-III acts on its own receptors to stimulate gonadotropin release, the functional activity of this peptide at mammalian (m) leutinizing hormone (LH)RH receptors transfected to COS cells was tested. l-GnRH-III activated m-LHRH receptors only at a minimal effective concentration (MEC) of 10(-6) M, whereas m-LHRH was active at a MEC of 10(-9) M, at least 1,000 times less than that required for l-GnRH-III. In 4-day monolayer cultured cells, l-GnRH-III was similarly extremely weak in releasing either LH or FSH, and, in fact, it released LH at a lower concentration (10(-7) M) than that required for FSH release (10(-6) M). In this assay, m-LHRH released both FSH and LH significantly at the lowest concentration tested (10(-10) M). On the other hand, l-GnRH-III had a high potency to selectively release FSH and not LH from hemipituitaries of male rats. The results suggest that the cultured cells were devoid of FSHRF receptors, thereby resulting in a pattern of FSH and LH release caused by the LHRH receptor. On the other hand, the putative FSH-releasing factor receptor accounts for the selective FSH release by l-GnRH-III when tested on hemipituitaries. Removal of calcium from the medium plus the addition of EGTA, a calcium chelator, suppressed the release of gonadotropins induced by either l-GnRH-III or LHRH, indicating that calcium is required for the action of either peptide. Previous results showed that sodium nitroprusside, a releaser of nitric oxide (NO), causes the release of both FSH and LH from hemipituitaries incubated in vitro. In the present experiments, a competitive inhibitor of NO synthase, L-NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (300 micro M) blocked the action of l-GnRH-III or partially purified FSHRF. The results indicate that l-GnRH-III and FSHRF act on putative FSHRF receptors by a calcium-dependent NO pathway.
author list (cited authors)
Yu, W. H., Karanth, S., Mastronardi, C. A., Sealfon, S., Dean, C., Dees, W. L., & McCann, S. M.
complete list of authors
Yu, WH||Karanth, S||Mastronardi, CA||Sealfon, S||Dean, C||Dees, WL||McCann, SM