Chromosomal changes during experimental evolution in laboratory populations of Escherichia coli.
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Short-term rates of chromosome evolution were analyzed in experimental populations of Escherichia coli B that had been propagated for 2,000 generations under four thermal regimens. Chromosome alterations were monitored in 24 independent populations by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis of DNA treated with five rare-cutting restriction enzymes. A total of 11 changes, 8 affecting chromosome size and 3 altering restriction sites, were observed in these populations, with none occurring in strains cultured at 37 degreesC. Considering the changes detected in these experimental populations, the rate of chromosome alteration of E. coli is estimated to be half of that observed in experimental populations of yeast.
author list (cited authors)
Bergthorsson, U., & Ochman, H.