Cellular contribution to supernumerary limbs resulting from the interaction between developing and regenerating tissues in the axolotl. Academic Article uri icon


  • The relationship between limb development and limb regeneration is considered with regard to the mechanisms by which pattern is established during limb outgrowth. In a previous paper (Muneoka, K. and Bryant, S. V. 1982 Nature (London) 298, 369-371) the interaction between cells from the developing limb bud and the regenerating limb blastema was found to result in the production of organized supernumerary limb structures. In this paper the relative cellular contribution from developing and regenerating cells to supernumerary limbs resulting from contralateral grafts between limb buds and blastemas has been analyzed using the triploid cell marker in the axolotl. Results show that there is substantial participation from both developing and regenerating limb cells to all supernumerary limbs analyzed. These data lend further support to the hypothesis that developing and regenerating limbs utilize the same patterning mechanisms during limb outgrowth. This conclusion is discussed in terms of patterning models for developing and regenerating limbs and it is proposed that the rules of the polar coordinate model can best explain the behavior of cells during limb development as well as limb regeneration.

published proceedings

  • Dev Biol

author list (cited authors)

  • Muneoka, K., & Bryant, S. V.

citation count

  • 39

complete list of authors

  • Muneoka, K||Bryant, SV

publication date

  • January 1984