Polypyrrole-hydrogel composites for the construction of clinically important biosensors
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The present study reports on the use of p(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (pHEMA) in which polypyrrole and various oxidoreductase enzymes were physically entrapped to function as a viable matrix for the construction of clinically important amperometric biosensors. Glucose oxidase, cholesterol oxidase and galactose oxidase biosensors were constructed. Electrode-supported hydrogel films were prepared by UV polymerization of the HEMA component (containing the dissolved enzyme) followed immediately by electrochemical polymerization (+0.7V vs. Ag/AgCl) of the pyrrole component within the interstitial spaces of the pre-formed hydrogel network. The optimized glucose oxidase biosensor displayed a wide linear glucose response range (5.0 x 10(-5) to 2.0 x 10(-2) M), a detection limit (3S(y/x)/sensitivity) of 25 microM and a response time of 35-40 s. The analytical recovery of glucose in serum samples ranged from 98 to 102% with mean coefficients of variation of 4.4% (within-day analyses) and 5.1% (day-to-day analyses). All three sensors displayed good stabilities when stored desiccated in the absence of buffer (>9 months).
author list (cited authors)
Brahim, S., Narinesingh, D., & Guiseppi-Elie, A.