Molecularly engineered hydrogels for implant biocompatibility
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The biocompatibility of biosmart polymer membranes synthesized from cross-linkable (2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (HEMA) and tetraethylene glycol diacrylate and containing different mole-percent polyethylene glycol methacrylate (PEGMA) and methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC), a phosphorylcholine-containing co-monomer, was investigated. The cytotoxicity (cell viability and proliferation) and the adhesion of extra cellular matrix proteins to these hydrogel surfaces were separately tested. Cell proliferation assays were conducted by cultivating human skeletal muscle fibroblasts onto the surfaces of these polymeric membranes prepared by in-situ polymerization in chemically derivatized 8-well cell-culture plates. The compositions containing MPC and PEGMA concentrations greater than 1.0 and 0.05 mole% respectively demonstrated good protein adhesion and cell viability (>90%) of human muscle fibroblast cells. Morphological deviances and partial colonization of the hydrogel surface has been noticed and suggests good compatibility of hydrogels for cellular viability but restricted proliferation. It is well known that the adsorption of proteins onto biomaterial surfaces modulates the cellular interaction with these surfaces. The extent of adsorption of fluorescein labeled proteins (laminin, collagen, and fibronectin) onto these polymer membrane surfaces was evaluated by measuring the resultant fluorescence intensity using a confocal fluorescence scanner.
author list (cited authors)
Abraham, S., Brahim, S., & Elie, A. G.