Potentiometric monitoring DNA hybridization
- Additional Document Info
- View All
The usual procedure to monitor the ion exchange of small ions utilizes a potentiometer with a selective membrane as part of the working electrode. As the next step, we have applied polyaniline electrodes to the monitoring the activity macromolecular ions during DNA hybridization. Single-strand oligonucleotide (ssODN) probes were immobilized using a nucleophilic substitution reaction of the thiolated ssODN molecules with polyaniline. The anionic phosphate groups of the probe molecules also interacted with the cationic-doped polyaniline surface. Three useful findings were observed with the potentiometric experiments. First, the binding of the complimentary target molecules with the immobilized probes revealed a substantial potential change. Further, potential change was observed neither with the non-complimentary targets nor with the samples with a mutation in the sequence. The last two experiments were important for the future evaluation of the impact of medium and potential interfering compounds: anionic groups and hydrogen bonding groups in the non-complimentary samples did not cause any interactions.
author list (cited authors)
Zhou, Y., Yu, B., Guiseppi-Elie, A., Sergeyev, V., & Levon, K.